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Table 3 Droplet size and size distribution of triacetin/Cremophor EL/cosurfactant/water systems at 25 °C (triacetin:Smix = 1:1, Cremophor EL:cosurfactant = 3:2, water = 96 wt.%)

From: Formulation and evaluation of norcanthridin nanoemulsions against the Plutella xylostella (Lepidotera: Plutellidae)

Cosurfactant Droplet size (r.nm) Particle size distribution (PDI)
Ethanol 7.13 ± 0.20 0.09 ± 0.01
Ethylene glycol 7.07 ± 0.11 0.04 ± 0.02
Propanol 7.17 ± 0.12 0.06 ± 0.01
Isopropanol 7.38 ± 0.06 0.08 ± 0.06
Propylene glycol 7.76 ± 0.65 0.09 ± 0.03
Butanol 6.89 ± 0.13 0.04 ± 0.06
Glycerol 7.12 ± 0.12 0.05 ± 0.01
PEG 400 10.45 ± 2.76 0.28 ± 0.09
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± S.D. (n = 3)