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Table 2 Mean (± SE) quality control parameters of B. dorsalis developed from live and autoclaved gut bacterial (Proteus sp.) supplements and control gel-based larval diets

From: Potential of a fly gut microbiota incorporated gel-based larval diet for rearing Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)

Quality parametersProteus sp.ControlSignificance (ANOVA)
LiveAutoclaved
Egg hatch (%)88.67 ± 1.33a87.67 ± 1.66a90.33 ± 0.88aF = 1.02; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.415
Larval duration (days)9.00 ± 1.15a9.33 ± 0.88a8.67 ± 1.45aF = 0.08; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.925
Pupal yield (number)9613 ± 378.58a9379 ± 408.47a10,129 ± 275.89aF = 1.14; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.379
Pupal weight (mg)10.16 ± 0.44a10.03 ± 0.08a10.13 ± 0.03aF = 0.07; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.932
Adult emergence (%)91.66 ± 0.79ab92.33 ± 1.20a87.33 ± 0.60bF = 9.07; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.015
Flight ability(%)78.33 ± 1.76a77.33 ± 1.45a79.66 ± 2.90aF = 0.30; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.751
Male formation (%)52.33 ± 2.56b57.38 ± 0.38a48.25 ± 4.18cF = 28.68; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.001
Survival under stress(%)82.00 ± 2.88a83.00 ± 2.08a72.33 ± 1.03bF = 11.86; d.f. = 2, 6; P = 0.008
  1. Mean (± SE) with different letters across the rows differ significantly (P < 0.05)