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Table 4 Oral toxicity of NCTD against the 3rd-instar larvae of P. xylostella

From: Formulation and evaluation of norcanthridin nanoemulsions against the Plutella xylostella (Lepidotera: Plutellidae)

Concentration (mg/L) Mortality rate (%)
12 h 24 h 36 h 48 h
CK 0 0 12 ± 8.37 14 ± 8.94
50 0 0 8 ± 13.04 20 ± 15.81
80 0 4 ± 5.48 14 ± 15.17 28 ± 17.89
110 2 ± 4.47 10 ± 7.07 18 ± 8.37 24 ± 11.40
140 8 ± 13.04 12 ± 10.95 26 ± 11.40 26 ± 18.17
170 4 ± 8.94 24 ± 13.42 42 ± 22.80 56 ± 19.49
200 34 ± 34.35 46 ± 25.10 62 ± 24.90 64 ± 26.08
230 28 ± 17.89 48 ± 26.83 72 ± 8.37 72 ± 19.24
250 48 ± 13.04 72 ± 21.68 90 ± 7.07 90 ± 10.00
  1. Data in this table were mean ± SE