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Table 2 Emulsification ability of various non-ionic surfactants to emulsify the Triacetin (triacetin:surfactant = 1:1, water 96 wt.%, 25 °C)

From: Formulation and evaluation of norcanthridin nanoemulsions against the Plutella xylostella (Lepidotera: Plutellidae)

Surfactant Molecular weight (g/mol) HLB Transmittance (%) Droplet Size (r.nm) PDI Emulsification time (sec)
Cremophor EL ≈ 1630 12–14 100.08 ± 0.02 17.03 ± 0.83 0.33 ± 0.06 82.50 ± 3.12
Cremophor RH 40 ≈ 2500 14–16 99.96 ± 0.05 13.91 ± 0.55 0.17 ± 0.08 84.5 ± 6.26
Tween 20 1228 16.7 100.36 ± 0.01 40.32 ± 18.08 0.52 ± 0.14 65.00 ± 7.07
Tween 80 1310 15 99.38 ± 0.03 12.94 ± 0.89 0.28 ± 0.07 171.00 ± 12.00
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± S.D. (n = 3)