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Table 4 Fermentation profile by N. intermedia on integrated fermentation substrate using wheat straw pretreated with dilute phosphoric acid (H190- acid concentration of 1.75% (w/v), duration of 10 min, and temperature of 190 ± 2 °C) and thin stillage (THS) mixture

From: Lignocellulose integration to 1G-ethanol process using filamentous fungi: fermentation prospects of edible strain of Neurospora intermedia

Substrate combination (%w/v pretreated wheat straw + thin stillage) Inoculation mode Mycelial growth form Dry Biomass (g/L) Ethanol max (g/L) Ethanol max- Fermentation time (h)
7% solid loading
 WSS + THS Pellets
Filamentous Filamentous 7.88 ± 1.28 6.25 ± 0.77 72
 WSS Pellets
Filamentous
 WSL+ THS Pellets
Filamentous Filamentous 6.25 ± 0.18 9.22 ± 1.02 72
 WSL Pellets
Filamentous
3.5% solid loading
 WSs + THS Pellets Filamentous 9.22 ± 0.57 6.18 ± 0.85 72
Filamentous Filamentous 6.87 ± 0.19 5.54 ± 0.15 72
 WSs Pellets
Filamentous
 WSL+ THS Pellets Filamentous 7.37 ± 0.88 5.96 ± 0.51 72
Filamentous Filamentous 10.95 ± 1.10 6.47 ± 0.79 72
 WSL Pellets Pellets 3.91 ± 0.11 0.11 ± 0.00 48
Filamentous Filamentous 3.01 ± 0.07 0.15 ± 0.04 72
  1. WSS, wheat straw slurry; WSL, wheat straw liquid hydrolysate after enzymatic hydrolysis