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Table 3 Fermentation profile by N. intermedia on integrated fermentation substrate using wheat straw pretreated with dilute phosphoric acid (H195- acid concentration of 1.2% (w/v), duration of 7 min, and temperature of 195 ± 2 °C) and thin stillage (THS) mixture

From: Lignocellulose integration to 1G-ethanol process using filamentous fungi: fermentation prospects of edible strain of Neurospora intermedia

Substrate combination (%w/v pretreated wheat straw + thin stillage) Inoculation mode Mycelial growth form Dry Biomass (g/L) Ethanol max (g/L) Ethanol max- Fermentation time (h)
7% solid loading
 WSS + THS Pellets Filamentous 21.49 ± 1.18 7.18 ± 0.87 72
Filamentous Filamentous 17.78 ± 0.47 8.04 ± 0.07 48
 WSS Pellets
Filamentous
 WSL+ THS Pellets Filamentous 13.61 ± 1.08 8.45 ± 0.77 48
Filamentous Filamentous 6.62 ± 0.24 4.52 ± 0.78 48
 7% WSL Pellets
Filamentous
3.5% solid loading
 WSs + THS Pellets Filamentous 13. 88 ± 0.82 7.89 ± 0.71 48
Filamentous Filamentous 8.52 ± 0.62 7.42 ± 0.11 48
 WSs Pellets Pellets 16.84 ± 1.28 0.13 ± 0.08 24
Filamentous Filamentous 20.48 ± 1.12 0.31 ± 0.04 48
 WSL+ THS Pellets Filamentous 8.94 ± 0.71 8.35 ± 1.01 48
Filamentous Filamentous 13.61 ± 1.02 7.79 ± 0.91 48
 WSL Pellets Pellets 4.73 ± 0.18 1.69 ± 0.87 48
Filamentous Filamentous 11.2 ± 0.45 0.13 ± 0.02 24
  1. WSS, wheat straw slurry; WSL, wheat straw liquid hydrolysate after enzymatic hydrolysis