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Table 2 Fermentation profile by N. intermedia on integrated fermentation substrate using wheat straw pretreated with dilute phosphoric acid (H201- acid concentration of 0.7% (w/v), duration of 7 min, and temperature of 201 ± 4 °C) and thin stillage (THS) mixture

From: Lignocellulose integration to 1G-ethanol process using filamentous fungi: fermentation prospects of edible strain of Neurospora intermedia

Substrate combination (% w/v pretreated wheat straw + thin stillage) Inoculation mode Mycelial growth form Dry Biomass (g/L) Ethanol max (g/L) Ethanol max- Fermentation time (h)
7% solid loading
 WSS + THS Pellets Filamentous 16.84 ± 0.25 7.76 ± 0.01 48
Filamentous Filamentous 18.61 ± 0.2 9.73 ± 0.3 48
 WSS Pellets
Filamentous Filamentous 19.27 ± 0.15 0.32 ± 0.15 48
 WSL+ THS Pellets Filamentous 10.78 ± 0.12 10.28 ± 0.1 48
Filamentous Filamentous 11.19 ± 0.3 10.06 ± 0.6 48
 WSL Pellets Pellet 3.84 ± 0.12 0.18 ± 0.05 72
Filamentous Filamentous 3.44 ± 0.1 0.44 ± 0.10 72
3.5% solid loading
 WSs + THS Pellets Loose Filamentous 14.01 ± 0.2 6.59 ± 0.1 24
Filamentous Filamentous 8.52 ± 0.1 6.9 ± 0.3 24
 WSs Pellets Pellets 16.14 ± 0.3 0.18 ± 0.02 72
Filamentous Filamentous 15.63 ± 0.2 0.07 ± 0.02 48
 WSL+ THS Pellets Loose Filamentous 10.46 ± 0.15 7.35 ± 0.10 48
Filamentous Filamentous 9.7 ± 0.2 8.34 ± 0.15 48
 WSL Pellets Pellets 3.52 ± 0.1 0.49 ± 0.01 48
Filamentous Filamentous 2.64 ± 0.1 1.87 ± 0.04 48
  1. WSS, wheat straw slurry; WSL, wheat straw liquid hydrolysate after enzymatic hydrolysis