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Table 2 Percentage of phage p2 inhibition by bacterially produced VHH

From: Lactobacillli expressing llama VHH fragments neutralise Lactococcusphages

Bacteria % inactivationa
  Supernatantb Bacteriac
L. paracasei parental 1.8 ± 5.9 2.1 ± 1.0
L. paracasei + pLP402 4.6 ± 4.0 -4.4 ± 6.4
L. paracasei + pLP402-VHH5-secreted 86.0 ± 5.1 ND
L. paracasei + pLP402-VHH2-anchored 3.4 ± 6.6 31.4 ± 2.8
  1. a Mean ± standard deviation of at least three experiments
  2. b 10 μl supernatant (approximately 5 ng VHH)
  3. c 4 × 106 bacteria